Man may be known to make use of race horses for racing since this specie was first domesticated. Historical evidences uncover that as early as 4500 BC, the nomadic individuals of Central Asia has already developed techniques of horse racing. Actually, the Greeks are known to have incorporated horse racing in the Olympics since 638 BC.
Both the chariot horse racing and the mounted horse racing were popular during these ages. These types of later grew to become an obsession among Romans once they have adopted the activity.
For thousand of years that followed, this kind of sports was known to be performed only for the noble men and royalties.
Modern racing is believed to have started in the 12th century when the first breeding between Arabian as well as English horses were made. They were sparred by the return of the noble knights in combat to the mother land after the Crusades. These are known to have produced sturdy horses with excellent pace. Thus, breeders maximized the potentiality of a racehorse and put all of them into tracks. This breed is the Thoroughbred that we know of today which is still the most popular breed in the United Kingdom.
King Charles II had been known to have held horse races in his private courses during 1660 to 1685.
Through the 16th century, the English have been known to make a number of racecourses. Queen Anne that founded the Ascot in 1711 is known to have made horse racing an official sport.
Halfway in 1700ï¿½s, the Jockey Club was created through the initiation of the elite figures involved with horse racing. This business was the first legion of jockeys which established the comprehensive rules and regulations including the standards as covered by the actual sports activities. Thus, these people grew to become the overseers of the sports and sanctioned horse racing events.
The Jockey Club was also the initiator for the regulation of breeding among race horses. Thus, James Weatherby, an accountant of the Jockey Club during those times, traced back the family lines of all racing breeds in England. His researches brought forth the publication of the General Stud Book, which was basically, the basis of authority in terms of the breeds that could be put to competition. According to the General Stud Book, only individuals pedigrees that have descended in the line of the “foundations sires” are considered as Thoroughbreds. The building blocks sires are the: Byerley Turk, Darley Arabian as well as Godolphin Arabian.
Only in 17th century did the sport arrive in America for which the initial racetrack was seen in the Long Island. Although it has become a favorite activity among Americans, no one initiated the formalization of horse racing until after the Civil War. Due to the already-established obsession plus the industrial development, and widespread betting on horse races, the activity grew largely by the year 1890 when 314 operating tracks are considered to be on regular operation in the united kingdom.
Because of the lack of a governing body, this sport had become purely dominated by criminal elements. In 1894 though, the most notable and high-ranking stable owners met and organized the American Jockey Club which was patterned on the system as used by the actual Jockey Club in England.
These days the sport has reached various countries around the world. Governing bodies were also formed to manage the horse racing events.